I first began to study Martial Arts in 1968 when I joined a Judo club at Central Washington University. From that time until the late seventies I also studied Shito Ryu Karate and Northern Long Fist and a small amount of Aikido. When I moved to New York in 1976 I was fortunate enough to meet Tuhon Leo Gaje and began to study Pekiti Tirsia Kali at the Philippine embassy with him. Leo Gaje was the first teacher to open my eyes to the real possibilities of Martial Arts. Leo later introduced me to Eddie Jafri, and he was kind enough to teach me his Pentjak Silat.  It was during this early study with Tuhon Gaje that I was fortunate to meet Tom Bisio and we became friends and training partners. WhenTom began to learn Kajukenbo, Xingyi, and Baguazhang from Vince Black, I started learning the arts from Tom.

In 1995 as an instructor with the North American Tang Shou Tao Association I traveled to mainland China for the first time to further my study of traditional Xingyi and Ba Gua. I began to learn Liang Zhenpu style Ba Gua Zhang from Zhang Huasen and Wong Shitong, and Xingyi from Li Guichang (disciple of the famous Xingyi Master Dong Xuisheng) and my school brother Song Zhiyong. Since that time I have returned to China as often as possible to pursue the study of Internal Martial Art.  I teach Xingyi privately because I believe that is the best way to pass on the art. I can be contacted about the Xingyi of Li Guichang or Liang Zhenpu style Baguazhang by E-mail.